To choose the right technology stack is important for a successful mobile application development project. With technology stack, your project becomes more maintainable, scalable, and committed to your functional requirements. Using appropriate mobile stack results in lower costs and less time for mobile app development.
We follow the most popular mobile app development approaches and the advanced tech stacks to build fully responsive apps.
Technology Stack for iOS Apps
There is two major programming language used to build iOS apps – Objective C and Swift.
Objective-C was one of the most commonly used iOS app development languages before the Swift stepped in. It is an object-oriented programming language that supersets C language. Now the usage of Objective C has been declining because of the Swift language. Big enterprises are still running their mobile apps on Objective C language as moving them to Swift is a complex process and can be time-consuming.
Swift language does not only simplifies the development process but the iOS apps developed using this language are easy with maintenance. It offers highly secure, speedy, compatible, error-free, supported on multiple devices iOS applications.
Swift has become the most favored programming language for iOS app developers. It is a compiled programming language developed by Apple Inc. for iOS, macOS, watchOS, tvOS, and Linux OS.
The toolsets used for iOS app development are AppCode and Apple’s Xcode.
- Apple Xcode
Xcode is an integrated development environment, a graphical editor to build user interfaces, instrumentation and debugging tools, and integrated documentation. Programming languages supported by Apple Xcode are Objective-C, Objective-C++, C, C++, Java, AppleScript, Ruby, ResEdit (Rez), Python, and Swift, with a variety of programming models.
If you choose Swift for your iOS app, then you’ll need Apple Xcode for developing your application. This lets you create mobile apps as well as desktop applications.
Android Technology Stack
For Android app development, Java and Kotlin are always in demand, and the preferred toolset is Android Studio.
Java is a developer’s beloved tech to craft Android applications because there are highly secured with a vast set of core features like simplicity, Portability, scalability, memory management, accelerated assembly within Gradle, Multi-threading capability, Faster build process, open-source support. This Programming language comes with plenty of features, rich libraries, and tools that make it easy to build top-quality apps.
As per Wikipedia, “Kotlin has been Google’s preferred language for Android app development since 7 May 2019.” Kotlin makes Android development easier by speeding up day-to-day development tasks. Other reasons for using Kotlin alternative to Java are – Language is concise and safer, Open source, Extension functions, Supports full Java interoperability, Lazy-loading feature, Multi-platform, Helps to reduce bugs and errors in the code, Active community.
It makes an exceptional choice for functional programming by supporting higher-order functions and lambadas.
Toolkit: Android Studio
Android Studio is an integrated development environment (IDE) built on JetBrains’ IntelliJ IDEA software for Google’s Android operating system and designed specifically for Android development.
It is used by developers to write the code, do performance tooling, and debugging to create quality Android Applications. Developers need to download & install the Android SDK for a specific device that helps to write programs with current or new features.